Lifestyle and dietary changes are usually the first line of treatment for GERD. As you may know, certain types of food can cause acid reflux or make it worse. So your doctor might suggest that you avoid:
• Fried and fatty foods,
• Tomato products,
• Foods and drinks that contain caffeine, and
• Alcoholic beverages.
Coffee and alcohol actually stimulate your stomach to make more acid than usual. Alcohol, chocolate, and fatty foods are believed to cause the lower esophageal sphincter to weaken. And as we mentioned earlier, both too much stomach acid and a weak lower esophageal sphincter can increase the symptoms of GERD.
There are also other foods that may make your symptoms worse. These include:
• Certain spices,
• Carbonated beverages like soda, and
• Citrus fruits and juices.
If these bother you, try to avoid them.