Information About GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid flows up into the esophagus more often than normal. This often results in frequent heartburn, but it can also cause symptoms like sore throat, painful swallowing, and chest pain. Certain factors increase your risk of GERD, such as alcohol consumption, stress, and pregnancy.
In order to make a GERD diagnosis, your healthcare provider will need information on your symptoms -- in many cases, this is all that is necessary. However, you may also be given a physical exam. Certain tests, such as an upper endoscopy, may also be performed. Treatment options for GERD can include diet changes, medication, or, in severe cases, surgery.
(Click GERD for more information about this condition, including what can happen if it is left untreated.)