More Info on Pepcid Indications
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is caused by acid reflux into the esophagus. Acid reflux is a term referring to the backward flow of stomach acid into the esophagus. The stomach is designed to be able to handle the acid it produces; the esophagus, however, is not. If too much stomach acid is in contact with the esophagus for too long, damage to the lining of the esophagus occurs, causing the symptoms of GERD. (Click What Is GERD? for more information.)
A few of the more common GERD symptoms include:
- The sensation that food is stuck in your throat
- A choking sensation
- An acidic or sour taste in the mouth
- Chest pain.
Pepcid is approved to treat the symptoms of GERD. It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced by the stomach. It also works to heal esophagitis (damage to the esophagus) caused by GERD.
Several conditions can cause the stomach to produce too much acid. Some of these conditions include:
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
- Multiple endocrine adenomas
- Systemic mastocytosis
- "Short-gut" syndrome.
Pepcid helps treat these conditions by decreasing the production of stomach acid.
Pepcid is part of a class of drugs known as H2 blockers. It works by blocking a certain type of histamine receptor (Type 2). Histamine is a chemical that has several different effects in the body. In the stomach, it causes an increase in the production of stomach acid. Because Pepcid blocks the action of histamine in the stomach, it decreases stomach acid production. In addition to decreasing the amount of stomach acid produced throughout the day, Pepcid also helps control the increase in stomach acid that usually happens after meals.